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Temperature (Max./Min.)  : Summer 47/28      Winter-28/4    Degree Celcius
Rainfall:186 cms (Mid-June to Mid-September)
Best Season: October to March    
|     Most Visited Months : Jan/Feb    

About Bodh Gaya
 

Bodhgaya is one of the most important and sacred Buddhist pilgrimage center in the world. It was here under a banyan tree, the Bodhi Tree, Gautama attained supreme knowledge to become Buddha,the Enlightened One. Born; in the foothills of the Himalayas as a Sakya prince of Kapilvastu (now in Nepal), most of the major events of his life, like enlightenment and last sermon, happened in Bihar. Buddhism as a religion was really born in Bihar and evolved here through his preaching and the example of his lifestyle of great simplicity, renunciation and empathy for everything living. Significantly, the state's name of 'Bihar' originated from 'Vihara' meaning monasteries which abounded in Bihar. Several centuries after Buddha's passing away, the Maurya Emperor Ashoka (234-198 BC) contributed tremendously towards the revival, consolidation and spread of the original religion. It is the monasteries, There is a magnificent Mahabodhi temple and the Tree from the original sapling still stands in the temple premises. The temple is an architectural amalgamation of many centuries, cultures and heritages. While its architecture has a distinct stamp of the Gupta era, it has later ages inscriptions describing visits of pilgrims from Sri Lanka, Myanmar and China between 7th and 10th century AD. It is perhaps still the same temple Hieuen Tsang visited in 7th century

 

How to Reach Bodh Gaya /   Distance Chart

By Air :  The nearest airport is at Gaya (GAY) 7 Kms and Patna (PAT) 135 kms/3 Hrs By road. Gaya is only connected by
Air India from Delhi & Kolkata (3-4 days a week) and few International flights from Bangkok (Thai Air).
However , Patna is well connected with Delhi,Mumbai,Kolkata,Lucknow, Bangalore and other Indian major cities by daily flights.
Patna to Bodhgaya Taxi Transfer Cost Approx 3000 INR per small car Book with Travel Bodhgaya 

 
Rail: The nearest railway station is Gaya (17km).Gaya is well connected by daily trains from New Delhi(overnight) ,Kolkata & Patna

Road: Bodhgaya is well connected by road to Gaya (17km), Nalanda (101 km), Rajgir (78 km), Patna (135km), Varanasi (252 km), Calcutta (495km)

Bus : Regular direct bus services are available from Gaya, Patna, Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi.
Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation run buses from Patna- Bodhgaya route twice a day.

 

 Where to Stay

 

Bodh Gaya has large no. of guesthouses , budget hotels and mid to high level hotels.

Costing : INR 1,000 to INR 8,000 Per Room/Night

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PLACES TO VISIT  
       
MAHA BODHI VIHAR      
  The temple stands in the east to the Bodhi Tree. Its architectural effect is superb. Its basement is 48 square feet and it rises in the form of a slender Pyramid till it reaches its neck, which is cylindrical in shape. The total height of the temple is 170 ft. and on the top of the temple are Chatras which symbolize sovereignty of religion. Four towers on its corners rise gracefully giving the holy structure a poise balance. This sacred edifice is like a grand banner unfurled by time to proclaim to the world the pious efforts of the Buddha to solve the knots of human miseries, to ascend above worldly problems and to attain transcendental peace through wisdom, good conduct and disciplined life.

Inside the temple, in the main sanctum, there is a colossal image of the Buddha in sitting posture touching the earth by his right hand. In this posture the Buddha accomplished the supreme enlightenment. The statue is of black stone but it has been guilder by the devotees. The entire courtyard of the temple is studded with large number of votive stupas. These stupas are of all sizes built during the past 2500 years ago. Most of them are extremely elegant in structural beauty. The ancient railings, which surround the temple, are of the first century BC and are among the very interesting monuments of the century.
       
MAHA BODHI TREE      
  Bodhi Tree, one of the chief revered locations, is believed to be the place where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. The tree is believed to be the sapling of original Bodhi tree, which was taken away by King Ashoka's daughter to Sri Lanka.

There is a red sandstone slab under the tree, known as Vajrasana or the diamond throne. Located behind Mahabodhi Temple, the revered 115 years old tree stands 80 ft high.

The present Bodhi Tree is probably the fifth succession of the original tree under which the Buddha had attained enlightenment. Vajrasana, the seat of stability, is a stone platform on which the Buddha is supposed to have sat in meditation gazing east, under the Bodhi tree.

Chankramana: This marks the sacred spot of the Buddha's meditative perambulations during the third week after pious enlightenment. It is believed that wherever the Buddha put his feet lotus sprang up.

Ratnagarh: The Buddha spent one week here, where it is believed that five colors came out of his body.

       
MUCHALINDA LAKE    
  Muchalinda Lake, one of the chief sightseeing locations in Bodh Gaya, is also associated with mythological tales. The water body is positioned on the right of the main temple and features a sculpture of hood protecting Lord Buddha, who is meditating on a snake coil.

As per Hindu Mythology, Lord Buddha was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In the sixth week of his meditation nearby this lake, a strong storm broke out. During that time, Lord Buddha was protected by Shesh Naga or the Snake King Muchalinda from the disrupting waves. The beautiful lake is dotted by trees and lush green surroundings.
 

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THAI MONASTERY      
  The monastery with the curved and sloping roof covered with tiles made of gold is the most beautiful Monastery in the town. It's designed like a Thai Pagoda. There are two giant door guard statues near the door. The windows are adorned with stained glass, the walls with paintings from Buddha's life. Outside, there is a small pond with models of royal barges floating on it. Entry is free, its open from sunrise to 6PM.

 

 

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GREAT 80FT BUDDHA STATUE      
  Great Buddha Statue, standing at an elevation of 80 ft, is one of the religious and spiritual monuments associated with Lord Buddha Bodh Gaya. One among the tallest Buddha statues in the country, the structure was instated in 1989 by the XIV Dalai Lama.

This structure displays meditating (dhyana mudra) Lord Buddha, resting on a giant lotus in open air. Constructed using sandstone blocks and red granite, the figurine exhibits beautiful artwork

 

 

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VIETNAM TEMPLE      
  In 2002, the Vietnam Government decided to construct a temple dedicated to the Buddha near Bodhi temple, the first thing which attracts people to this monastery is the tree house type design of the porch area. The roots of the 'tree' open up to an aquarium , with beautiful fresh water fishes.
 

 

 

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ROYAL BHUTAN MONASTERY      
  Royal Bhutan Monastery is one of the several monasteries in the Buddhist town of Bodh Gaya. The monastery featuring depictions of life of Lord Buddha attract millions of Buddhism followers from across the world. This monastery was constructed by the King of Bhutan as a tribute to Lord Buddha.

The well-maintained pilgrim centre attracts tourists for its clay carvings depicting various aspects of Buddhism.

 

 

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INDOSAN NIPPON JAPANESE TEMPLE      
  Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple reflecting Japanese architecture is carved with Buddhist preachings. Located at a distance of 15 km from the city centre, the temple is beautifully carved out of wood.

The temple has a gallery of Japanese paintings that reveal notable events from the life of Gautam Buddha. This shrine was constructed in 1972 is among the most frequented shrines of the region. As an initiative to preserve and spread Buddhism and Buddha’s preachings, the Japanese have funded this shrine.

 

 

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RAJGIR (110 KM / 2.5 HRS) WORLD PEACE PAGODA      
  The Vishwa Shanti Stupa(World Peace Pagoda) is an ancient pillar or peace pagoda in Rajgir. This pillar is situated on top of Griddhakuta or Ratnagiri Hill, at an altitude of 400 m above the sea level. This pillar was built by the Japanese as a symbol of world peace. The structure is built completely in marble and comprises four golden statues of Lord Buddha with each representing his life periods of birth, enlightenment, preaching and death. The way to reach this ‘stupa’ includes an aerial ropeway. A temple is also situated near this Stupa called the ‘Nipponzan Myohoji’.

      

                             Hill Top View                                                       Chair Rope Way to Hill Top

       
ANCIENT NALANDA UNIVERSITY RUINS (15 KM FROM RAJGIR)      
  The Nalanda University was built in 5th century BC and is recorded as the earliest university of world. It is spread over an area of 14 hectares and has been built with red bricks in the Kushana architectural style. The favourite disciple of Lord Buddha namely Sariputra died preaching at this very place. In 3rd century BC, Ashoka built a grand stupa in honour of Sariputra.

The infrastructure of Nalanda University has 3 to 6 storeys along with a college of fine arts endowed by the Gupta Emperor, Kumaragupta, a library comprising of a huge collection of over nine million volumes and 300 apartments. Rows of monasteries, hostels and classrooms form a large part of the structure of this university providing a strong impact of the Pala dynasty. It has a total of one thousand teachers and ten thousand students in its portals.
Certain remains have also been excavated from the ruins of this university, which includes a stairway, decorated panels, stupas, dormitories of monks and students, lecture halls etc. The most significant monuments found from here are the monasteries and chaityas. Remains of a temple depicting household scenes, dancers and floral designs are also seen at the site of this university.

There is also a small chapel in the place, which has a half broken statue of Lord Buddha. The central walk of this university passes through a complex and it has monasteries on its eastern side while temples on its west.
       
VISHNUPAD HINDU  TEMPLE (GAYA) 17 KMS      
  Vishnupad Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, is one of the major highlights of the destination. Built in Shikhara style, the temple was reconstructed by Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore in 1787. According to beliefs and religious texts, it is believed that the footprints present inside the temple are of Lord Vishnu.
Located on the bank of River Falgu, the temple has footprint of Lord Vishnu, which is 40 centimetres long and enclosed by a basin made of silver plates. The temple complex is large in size and houses images of several Gods and Goddesses. In addition, there are several other shrines present in and around the temple.

Inside the courtyard of this temple, there is another important temple of Lord Nrisimha. The temple as well as the statue are intricately carved and designed. Adjoining this temple is another temple, which is the Vishnu temple located on the northern side. This temple is constructed using stone pillars and brick walls.

On the other hand, the eastern side of this temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, who resides here in the form of Phalgwisvara. This form of Lord Shiva is known as the lord of the River Falgu.
Very ancient at the time of Lord Rama and have historical valued, people come here to do the last rituals for their parents, called "Pind-Daan". Falgu river near by the temple and have historical importance, lord Rama did the same ritual first time here.

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